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Omar Fanon. Patrice Lumumba. Chama Cha Mapinduzi.






Ban’s office said he was aware of concern in Japan, which believes the UN should remain neutral on the commemoration of historical events and has voiced “strong displeasure” over his attendance in a message sent through it mission to the UN.



António Guterres
António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres (born 30 April 1949) is a Portuguese politician and diplomat.

Secretary-General of the United Nations
4    List of secretaries-genera
1 Trygve Lie / 2 February 1946 – 10 November 1952 / Norway
2 Dag Hammarskjöld / 10 April 1953 – 18 September 1961 / Sweden
- U Thant / Acting 3 November 1961 – 30 November 1962 / Burma
3 U Thant / 30 November 1962 – 31 December 1971 / Burma
4 Kurt Waldheim / 1 January 1972 – 31 December 1981 / Austria
5 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  / 1 January 1982 – 31 December 1991 / Peru
6 Boutros Boutros-Ghali  / 1 January 1992 – 31 December 1996 / Egypt
7 Kofi Annan / 1 January 1997 – 31 December 2006 / Ghana
8 Ban Ki-moon / 1 January 2007 – 31 December 2016 / South Korea
9 António Guterres / 1 January 2017 – present / Portugal

Enlargement of NATO
1    Past enlargements
1.1    Cold War
Twelve countries were part of the founding of NATO: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Member state of the European Union
1    List
List of European Union member states
Name / Accession
Portugal / 1986

[Gurdian]Mon 31 Aug 2015 
Ban Ki-moon rejects Japanese criticism of him attending China's Victory Day
The UN secretary general says it is important to recognise China’s ‘contribution and sacrifice’ in the fight against fascism in second world war
The UN secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, has rejected Japanese criticism of his decision to attend China’s Victory Day parade later this week, saying it was important to recognise China’s wartime sacrifice and learn the lessons of history.
Ban, who will be among about 30 world leaders attending a spectacular military parade in Beijing on Thursday, told Chinese media his presence would be in recognition of China’s “contribution and sacrifice” in the fight against fascism during the second world war.
Ban’s office said he was aware of concern in Japan, which believes the UN should remain neutral on the commemoration of historical events and has voiced “strong displeasure” over his attendance in a message sent through it mission to the UN.


United Nations Secretary-General selection is the process of selecting the next secretary-general of the United Nations.
To be selected as secretary-general, a candidate must receive the votes of at least nine members of the United Nations Security Council, with no vetoes from permanent members. The secretary-general is then appointed by a majority vote of the United Nations General Assembly.
3    Qualifications for office
The qualifications for holding the office have never been set down formally. However, some qualifications have been established through precedent and are supported by the veto power of China and France.
The United States and the United Kingdom do not accept the Sino-French qualifications and have supported candidates who do not meet the requirements.
3.1    Term limit
The office is subject to a term limit of two full terms.
U Thant served three terms, but his first two terms were partial terms that added up to one full term.
In 1981, China cast 16 vetoes against Kurt Waldheim’s selection for a third term, and Waldheim eventually suspended his candidacy.
Since 1981, no secretary-general has attempted to run for a third term.
3.2    Regional rotation
The office of secretary-general is rotated among the regional groups of the UN. Each region gets two or three consecutive terms as secretary-general.
Candidates from that region are then disqualified in the next selection, and a new region gets its turn at the office.

* 1976年、中国は、西欧のKurt Waldheimの国連事務総長選手地に対し、形式的に拒否権を行使した。
* 1981年に、中国は、アフリカの候補者を支持した。そして、Kurt Waldheimが立候補を断念するまで16回拒否権を行使した。安全保障理事会はこの状況を打開するために、中南米の候補者を選出した。
* In 1991, the United States and United Kingdom attempted to open the selection to a candidate from any region, but China and France declared their support for an African candidate.
* In 1996, the French Ambassador stated that the next secretary-general "will be from Africa."
Attempts to nominate a candidate from another region were dismissed by diplomats who believed that China would veto any non-African candidate.
* In 2006, China declared that the next secretary-general should be Asian and voted for all the Asian candidates.

1    選出と任期
最大で2期の制限がある。これは中国が作ったルールだ。1981年の選出において、Kurt Waldheimの3期目の選出に対し、中国は16回拒否権を行使した。